Ed, a young roof mechanic, had worked for AM & P Roofing for almost two years and earned a reputation as a dependable worker.
One early May morning, he and his fellow roofing workers were sent to a job site at a small shopping complex to install a built-up roof system.
The crew set up the proper fall-protection systems, which included warning lines stationed at least 6 feet from the roof edge, and wore appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), including sturdy work boots, long pants with no cuffs, long-sleeved shirts and protective eyewear.
The day was sunny and dry, and Joe, the foreman, reminded the workers to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. A water cooler and disposable cups were provided on the roof, but Ed didn't pay attention because he wasn't thirsty.