The hurricanes of 2004

An overiew of FEMA's findings and recommendations for roof system performance

Between Aug. 13, 2004, and Sept. 25, 2004, Hurricanes Charley, Frances, Ivan and Jeanne made landfall in Florida. (Ivan also hit the eastern coastal areas of Alabama.) In response, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) deployed Mitigation Assessment Teams (MATs) following Charley and Ivan to determine how well buildings performed following the hurricanes. The MATs were composed of national experts in hazards (wind and flood), coastal processes and building codes. They are deployed after disaster events for which damage summaries and subsequent conclusions and recommendations are likely to have national implications.

In addition, a Rapid Response Data Collection Team performed field observations after Hurricane Frances. This team focused on critical and essential facilities, such as hospitals and schools.

The observations, conclusions and recommendations of the Charley and Ivan MATs are presented in FEMA publications 488 and 489, respectively, and can be obtained at no cost from FEMA. The two reports include more than 45 pages and 55 photos pertaining to roof system and rooftop equipment performance. Following is an overview of the reports.

Storm characteristics

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