An Environmental Product Declaration (EPD®) is a disclosure document that provides quantitative environmental impact data based on products' life cycles. The reported data can be used in the material selection process for construction projects.
Although it currently is unusual for roofing project specifications to require roofing products with EPDs, using roofing products with EPDs is becoming more common in the roofing industry. It's a good idea to become familiar with how EPDs are developed and how they may be required.
How are EPDs developed?
EPDs are a type of ecolabel, which is a document that discloses or reports environmental or sustainability data for products, including construction materials, to assist consumers with selecting products. Ecolabels are developed based on the International Standards Organization (ISO) 14000 series of environmental standards. ISO 14020, "Environmental Labels and Declarations—General Principles," establishes three main types of ecolabels: