It used to be that employees were considered merely tools in company sales and production. However, business owners and managers have realized that by recognizing and nurturing employees, a company can expand and become more productive. This change in mindset is a result of a great deal of research that began many years ago.
One of the first studies done about employees' needs was conducted by psychologist Abraham Maslow in 1943. According to Maslow, employees have five levels of needs: physiological, safety, social, ego and self-actualizing. Maslow reported that lower-level needs must be satisfied before higher-level needs can be met. When all are met, according to Maslow, an employee is motivated and contributes more to an organization.
A recent study conducted by James R. Lindner, a researcher at Ohio State University, Columbus, found that employee motivation is based on the following:
I have found that effective team management and motivation is a work in progress. However, there are a number of key factors that are important to remember when you are trying to motivate employees.