It used to be that employees were considered merely tools in
company sales and production. However, business owners and managers
have realized that by recognizing and nurturing employees, a
company can expand and become more productive. This change in
mindset is a result of a great deal of research that began many
One of the first studies done about employees' needs was
conducted by psychologist Abraham Maslow in 1943. According to
Maslow, employees have five levels of needs: physiological, safety,
social, ego and self-actualizing. Maslow reported that lower-level
needs must be satisfied before higher-level needs can be met. When
all are met, according to Maslow, an employee is motivated and
contributes more to an organization.
A recent study conducted by James R. Lindner, a researcher at
Ohio State University, Columbus, found that employee motivation is
based on the following:
I have found that effective team management and motivation is a
work in progress. However, there are a number of key factors that
are important to remember when you are trying to...
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