This column uses fictitious case histories to introduce
important loss-control principles. The details for these case
histories are not meant to represent any particular occurrence. Any
similarities to living people or actual events are purely
Door Roofing regularly installs commercial (low-slope) roof
systems on schools, typically hot asphalt built-up roof systems.
Although the company has not had many insurance claims, a roofing
worker recently fell 15 feet (5 m) through a hole in a roof deck at
a school job site. This accident should have been perceived as a
warning that fall-protection regulations were not being followed
and more accidents would occur if the company did not enforce
Every year, a loss-control representative from Door Roofing's
insurance carrier inspects job sites to ensure safety programs are
being followed. Door Roofing always was rated average, and
loss-control representatives only had minor recommendations.
However, the latest inspections revealed poor work habits and
sloppy job sites despite Door Roofing's written compliance with
previous recommendations. Ernie, a loss-control representative, was
surprised conditions deteriorated so abruptly at some Door Roofing
job sites, so he visited additional projects. The same undesirable
safety concerns were present at these sites, too.
At three local schools with buildings more than 25 feet (8 m)
high, Ernie noted several safety concerns, such as small groups of
summer-school students congregating under a roofing work area; two
employees working beyond a perimeter warning line while a safety
monitor was working at another end of the roof; an extension ladder
tied off too short for the roof height; a partial perimeter warning
line located at a crane's loading material side; fire extinguishers
not readily apparent on a roof; and plugged drains on...
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