More than 40 million immigrants live in the U.S., representing 13 percent of the population. In recent years, immigration reform has been an especially hot topic.
- Fifty-nine percent of undocumented immigrants are from Mexico.
- In 2012, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement removed 409,849 undocumented immigrants.
- The number of undocumented immigrants in the U.S. peaked at 12 million in 2007.
- Of all immigrants in the U.S., 29 percent came from Mexico; about 25 percent from South and East Asia; 9 percent from the Caribbean; 8 percent from Central America; 7 percent from South America; 4 percent from the Middle East; and the rest from elsewhere.
- California is home to the largest share of U.S. immigrants27 percent of the immigrant population.
- In 2011, more than 1 million people got green cards.
- The U.S.’ first wave of immigration took place from 1820-1870, when people emigrated mostly from northern and western Europe; the current wave is the U.S.’ fourth wave, which began in 1965 with the end of immigration limits based on nationality.
- In 1960, fewer than 1 million people in the U.S. were born in Latin America; by 2012, there were 21.2 million.
- In 1960, 75 percent of immigrants in the U.S. came from Europe; by 2010, 80 percent came from Latin America and Asia.
- The fence between the U.S. and Mexico runs on and off for 651 miles along the 1,954-mile border.
- Twenty years ago, fewer than 4,000 Border Patrol agents worked along the Southwest border; there now are 18,500 agents.
- Since 1986, more than 4 million noncitizens have been deported.
This Web exclusive information is a supplement to Capitol Hill.